Certain chemicals or molecules are produced in our body on a daily basis because of actions of breathing, our body metabolism, the body’s interaction with the environment-toxins, pollution, chemicals, radiations and sun. These create harmful molecules that can eventually lead to chains of ailments within our body. These harmful molecules are called free radicals.
What are free radicals?
They’re atoms or molecules with unpaired electrons. These compounds are considered oxidized. They are quite reactive and unstable with unpaired electrons. As a result of their unstable natureza, they catch free electrons out of a nearby molecule to become stable inducing that molecule to rather become unstable and thus develop into a free radical. This newly created radical should discover a free electron to be become stable and the cycle continues. Despite the fact that they are vital for many normal processes in our body (I.e metabolism, cellular signaling and immunity), they could cause problems.
Their actions have many consequences in our body because of their highly reactive nature and they’re difficult to control. They cause harms in our DNA. If these damages aren’t repaired, they result in accumulated changes in our body. In effect, your body ages fast. How do you stop free radical damage? Our body has inborn systems that normally help neutralize these harmful free radicals.
Much of the maintenance is accomplished by enzymes that have the ability to minimize their harm. Also, some antioxidants such as vitamins from the food we consume have the ability to neutralize and minimize free radical damage. It’s thus important to consume healthy diets full of healthy foods with plenty of vitamins and antioxidants to be able to keep your body healthy constantly.
Antioxidants are molecules that help control free radical damage in our own body. Scientific research indicates that antioxidants may play a protective role in several of diseases like cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by these chemicals. The various kinds of antioxidants are vitamins (Vitamins A, E and C ), enzymes (glutatião, superoxide dismutase), and many others such as carotenes and polyphenols.
Well known sources of antioxidants are vitamins such as ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and tocopherol (vitamin E). Antioxidants can also be found in plant components such as anthocynins (plant pigments), carotenoids and polyphenols (especially flavonoids) from legumes. Frutas and fat-soluble fats from vegetable oils.